Foibe

   The foibe are bulblike fissures in the ground that widen out to form a cave below. They are a common geological feature in Istria, Dalmatia, and the province of Trieste. During and immediately after World War II, these caves were used as dumping places for the thousands of Italians killed by Yugoslav partisans in a policy of deliberate ethnic cleansing in May–June 1945. Josip Brod Tito, the Yugoslav leader, was determined to eliminate resistance from the Italian community of Istria and to terrify Italian speakers into silence or flight. The bodies of the victims were thrown into the foibe to hide the extent of the massacre. The true numbers of Italians killed will never be known, but the likeliest figure (much contested by revisionists) is around 10,000. Tens of thousands of Italians fled Istria at the same time. For many years, the need to maintain good relations with the Yugoslav government led to the subject of the foibe being taboo, especially on the left, but the collapse of Yugoslavia and the subsequent civil war have reopened the subject. It should also be added that the brutal behavior of Italian troops in Croatia and Slovenia during the early part of the war had aroused the deep animosity of the local Slav population.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Foibe — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Foibe — Massacres des foibe Les foibe (pluriel de foiba [ fɔiba], terme frioulan dérivé du latin fovea, fosse, cavité) sont des cavités et des crevasses naturelles, des grottes, d origine karstique (en terrain calcaire), qui s ouvrent à l extérieur par… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Foibe massacres — The Foibe massacres were killings attributed to Yugoslav Partisans during and shortly after World War II in Istria. The name derives from a local geological feature, a type of deep karst sinkhole called a foiba [ [http://books.google.com/books?id …   Wikipedia

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  • Masacre de las foibe — Localización de algunas foibe. Las foibe son simas (dolinas, en terminología geológica) del Carso en torno a la ciudad norteña de Trieste y en la frontera nordeste con la ex Yugoslavia , en las que fueron enterrados los cuerpos de millares de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Massacre des foibe — Massacres des foibe Les foibe (pluriel de foiba [ fɔiba], terme frioulan dérivé du latin fovea, fosse, cavité) sont des cavités et des crevasses naturelles, des grottes, d origine karstique (en terrain calcaire), qui s ouvrent à l extérieur par… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Massacres Des Foibe — Les foibe (pluriel de foiba [ fɔiba], terme frioulan dérivé du latin fovea, fosse, cavité) sont des cavités et des crevasses naturelles, des grottes, d origine karstique (en terrain calcaire), qui s ouvrent à l extérieur par des gouffres… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Massacres des foibe — 45°37′54″N 13°51′45″E / 45.63167, 13.8625 Les foibe (pluriel de foiba [ fɔiba], terme fri …   Wikipédia en Français

  • National Memorial Day of the Exiles and Foibe — National Memorial Day of the Exiles and Foibe, or Giorno del ricordo in Italian language, is an Italian celebration for the memory of the victims of the Foibe and the Istrian Dalmatian exodus. Contents 1 Law s motivation 2 Law s iter 3 Law s… …   Wikipedia

  • Foiben-Massaker — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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